Officially the Republic of Singapore, this Southeast Asian island city-state off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula is located 137 kilometers (85 mi) north of the equator. An island country made up of 63 islands, it is separated from Malaysia by the Straits of Johor to its north and from Indonesia‘s Riau Islands by the Singapore Strait to its south. The country is highly urbanized with very little primary rain forest remaining, although more land is being created for development through land reclamation.
The Singapore-Johor causeway, spanning across the Johor Straits. It is one of two bridges which connect Singapore to Malaysia and Continental Asia.